Sci-tech savvy – Viewpoint – Chinadaily.com.cn

Belt and Street science and technologies cooperation has built remarkable development with wonderful probable continue to to be tapped

YIN YIYUAN/FOR CHINA Everyday

The sci-tech cooperation in between China and the Belt and Highway nations and locations has been ever more deepened, the cooperation fields have repeatedly expanded, and the cooperation platforms and tasks have been promoted in an efficient and pragmatic way.

By the end of 2021, China experienced proven partnerships with more than 160 international locations and regions in sci-tech fields, and signed 114 intergovernmental cooperation agreements. These collaborations include key spots such as medicine, agriculture, oceans, power assets, public health and fitness, highly developed producing, substantial-conclude components, and facts know-how. China is dedicated to advertising higher-high-quality joint enhancement of the sci-tech Belt and Street by strengthening widespread standard scientific exploration, and setting up joint study platforms, technological innovation transfer and transformation centers, abroad science training hubs, and science and technologies parks. These actions are also serving to cultivate abilities and travel get-earn improvement. As the sci-tech cooperation concerning China and countries and areas participating in the BRI has continually deepened, it has shaped a multi-amount, interactive and large-ranging cooperation sample.

Cooperation in simple science has ongoing to heat up. By analyzing those papers sponsored by the Nationwide Purely natural Science Basis of China and the Chinese Academy of Sciences that were jointly published by researchers from China and taking part countries and regions from 2010 to 2021, it can be observed that the range of cooperative papers increased drastically right after 2013, highlighting China”s noteworthy achievements in supporting Belt and Highway sci-tech cooperation. The papers mostly concentrate on resources science, digital circuits, chemical physics, utilized physics, chemistry, nanoscience and environmental science. These standard scientific investigate achievements add noticeably to the science, technology, and industrial improvement of the taking part nations and regions.

Joint laboratories have also increased the technological innovation abilities of nations and areas collaborating in the initiative. In 2017, China launched the Belt and Street Science, Technologies and Innovation Cooperation Motion System, concentrating on cooperation with participating nations and areas in sci-tech and the humanities, joint laboratories, sci-tech parks and technologies transfer. In order to fulfill the precise improvement demands of the taking part nations and areas, the Ministry of Science and Engineering of China approved the design of 53 joint laboratories in line with the expectations for Countrywide Essential Laboratories in 2019,2020 and 2021, respectively. These joint laboratories, such as the China-Kenya Joint Laboratory for Crop Molecular Biology, the China-Austria Joint Laboratory for Synthetic Intelligence and Innovative Manufacturing and the Chinese-Egyptian Renewable Energy Laboratory, masking a number of fields and they are the top platforms for China’s sci-tech cooperation with foreign international locations and regions. By way of these joint laboratories, China has actively played a primary and radiation position in marketplace-academia-analysis integration and interaction, strengthened the sharing of its methods and complementary pros, performed exchanges and the teaching of sci-tech skills, and jointly tackled some of the important enhancement worries and difficulties faced by taking part countries and locations, properly improving their sci-tech innovation capabilities.

Technologies transfer is of good significance in promoting the transformation and software of technological achievements among the participating nations and locations. In 2016, the Ministry of Science and Technological know-how introduced a Belt and Street coordination community for know-how transfer, which can help to increase the sci-tech innovation abilities of the taking part nations and areas by way of the Science and Technological know-how Partnership System, and drives the sustainable progress of the regional economic climate. Currently, much more than 10 technological know-how transfer centers have been supported by the ministry, actively playing a significant function in building a engineering cooperation network and establishing technologies. The Chinese Academy of Sciences has also set up a world Belt and Highway technological innovation transfer and transformation center, and established up a long-time period and steady innovation cluster and strategic alliance. Observe has established that these centers have absolutely played a practical part in technologies transfer and transformation amongst China and customers of the Affiliation of Southeast Asian Nations, and international locations in Central Asia, and among the Arab international locations, and have grow to be a key system for sci-tech achievement software.

The Chinese Academy of Sciences has crafted a whole of 10 science education centers in Central Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia by leveraging its strengths in training, investigation, as perfectly as schooling and method consulting. These facilities integrate sci-tech investigation, professional coaching, facts dissemination and the transformation of sci-tech fruits, offering strong support for the Belt and Road building. At the similar time, the Chinese Academy of Sciences has worked intently with several ministries and Chinese embassies overseas to innovate its overseas support mode that teaches people to fish as an alternative of providing them fish.

In new several years, sci-tech innovation and cooperation under the framework of the BRI have faced a number of difficulties. Very first, the complex global protection surroundings and geopolitical conflicts have impacted on regional economic advancement and cooperation among international locations, expanding the uncertainty of cooperation. Next, in conditions of intercontinental impressive talent cultivation, Chinese universities nevertheless confront some issues in curriculum design and style, faculty building, textbook improvement, and abroad and international pupil schooling. What’s more, due to the fact the sci-tech innovation and cooperation community concerning China and the participating nations around the world and locations is even now in its original stage of advancement, it hasn’t sustained a secure pattern for advancement, and equally the depth and breadth of cooperation need to have to be even further enhanced.

To far better assistance significant-excellent expansion, Belt and Street sci-tech cooperation must target on the adhering to four crucial facets.

1st, popular simple scientific research should really be consolidated and the primary innovation abilities should be increased. By launching a fund for standard investigation, participating international locations and regions could be supported in carrying out cooperation on basic research with out aiming at any certain programs, which would assistance enhance their innovation abilities.

Next, initiatives should be produced to bolster the analysis and improvement of highly developed and relevant systems and to promote the industrial transformation of taking part nations around the world and regions. A lot of Belt and Road companions are going through the worries of the depletion of fossil fuels, a lower-stop industrial construction, intense power usage and superior greenhouse gasoline emissions, and have an urgent require for industrial transformation. China need to intensify its efforts to encourage joint analysis and the transfer of sophisticated technologies, support greatly enhance the industrial framework and progress of these nations around the world and regions, and variety new innovation chains and industry chains.

Third, China really should cooperate with collaborating countries and areas to create a cooperation system for small-carbon technological innovation, build worldwide know-how platforms, specially in the fields of renewable electricity, hydrogen electricity, and carbon dioxide capture and utilization.

Fourth, cooperation on agricultural technological innovation should be consolidated. Spanning Asia, Europe and Africa, nations around the world and locations participating in the BRI boast abundant land resources and diversified agricultural solutions. In the meantime, it is necessary to make improvements to the institutional mechanisms for international sci-tech innovation and cooperation, establish dynamic collaboration mechanisms for world experts, and inspire enterprises and global corporations to participate in sci-tech cooperation.

The writer is a researcher at the strategic assist division of the Countrywide Middle for Nanoscience and Technological know-how. The author contributed this posting to China Check out, a believe tank powered by China Every day.

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